Graziano and Raulin (8th ed)Graziano & Raulin
Research Methods (8th edition)

Manual Statistical
Computation Procedures

We have included examples of manual computations for most of the common descriptive and inferential statistics. Click on the statistical procedure below to get a step-by-step example of how each of these statistics is computed. We also have demonstrations elsewhere on this site of computing each of these statistical procedures using SPSS for Windows.